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Product Attributes – Definition, List, Benefits & Examples

Written by Minal Kiani
product attributes

What are Product Attributes? (Definition)

Product Attributes are characteristics of a product that help you define your products for users that visit your eCommerce stores.

While companies recognize their own products through SKUs which are unique numbers assigned to each product, consumers use natural language that includes the benefits and features of a product.

Examples of Product Attributes

Product Attributes Examples are divided into two categories: tangible (physical) and intangible (non-physical). 

  • Tangibles include characteristics such as size, color, smell, product design, weight, materials used in construction, design features, country of origin etc.
  • Intangible refers to attributes like price and quality, how-to videos.

Learn What is Product Content Management and how you can also start optimizing yours.

Why do you need Product Attributes?

1. Product Attributes for Retailers

Using product attributes can make your product stand out to customers in a crowded e-commerce marketplace.

Managing Product attributes is crucial as it helps separate your products from those of competitors. Companies should list their product attributes in a style that is understandable by the average user. 

2. Product Attributes for Vendors

Vendors use product attributes to be informed about the growing trends and make informed decisions about their inventory and more easily identify growth opportunities:  Which variant is selling faster – the red or black one?  the smaller one or the larger one?

Consumer searches and queries have become extremely specific over the years, so your attributes should be designed in a way that caters to those searches.

Marketers need to design product descriptions that capture the target market’s interests, with each product attribute being a positive selling point. 

Did you know? Data just like Product Attributes can be managed in Bulk through a Product content management solution.

Looking for an efficient way to manage your bulk product data?

Add value to your business by organizing and managing all your product data with Apimio’s cloud-based solution!

List of Product Attributes 

1. Product Name

Consumers find your products through the product name. These should be clear, concise and give away sufficient information about the product just through the title.

The product name is critical to your SEO and is the name through which users will look up your products.

It should highlight key features of your product, but don’t overdo it. I’ve gone into more detail on how to optimize your product details in my guide here.  

2. Product Images

Product images help customers visualize your product when they can’t actually touch or feel it.

The ideal product images should meet the following requirements: 

  • Resolution should be at least 1080px*1080px.
  • Size should not exceed 200kb in order to optimize quality and page load times. 
  • Image formats should be either JPG, PNG, or JPEG.
  • The image should be in square format as most e-commerce platforms and marketplaces only accept these.
Image from Official Adidas Online Store

Also read How PIM software helps manage Product data from Multiple stores at the same time.

3. SKUs

An SKU (Stock Keeping Unit) is a unique alphanumeric number assigned to each product to help you keep track of your inventory.

These are mostly based on various characteristics of the products and are broken down into classifications and categories. 

One SKU can only be used for a single product, therefore it can never be repeated.

what are skus
Source: H&M

4. Retail Price & Cost Price

Retail price is the manufacturer’s suggested price for the product to be sold to the final consumer.

Cost price is the price manufacturers charge the retailers for their products. While you don’t highlight the cost price to the final consumer, it’s important to have it in your records. The price displayed to the customers is the retail price. 

what is retail price
Source: Nike

5. BARCODE:  (ISBN, UPC, GTIN, etc.)

barcode is a machine-readable form of information on a scannable, visual surface.

The barcode is read by using a special scanner that then transmits the data onto a database to keep track of inventory.

Barcodes come in many forms and different countries and companies use different barcodes for their products.

We’ll discuss a few of them here: 

GTIN (Global Trade Item Number) is an internationally recognized system for identifying products.

It has brought together several systems to ensure they all adhere to a common structure. The types of GTIN that currently exist include:

  • ISBN – International Standard Book Number
  • UPC – Universal Product Code

ISBN (International Standard Book Number): An ISBN is essentially a product identifier used by publishers, booksellers, libraries, internet retailers, and other supply chain participants for ordering, listing, sales records, and stock control purposes. The ISBN identifies the registrant as well as the specific title, edition, and format.

UPC (Universal Product Code): The purpose of a UPC code is to allow consumers to identify special product features, like its size or color when an item is scanned at checkout. UPCs enable accurate and efficient product tracking from production to the distribution process. 

MSI Plessey (Modified Plessey): These are barcodes used for inventory management in retail environments, such as labeling supermarket shelves. They’re also used across warehouses and other storage facilities to support accurate inventory checking. 

Two-dimensional (2D): 2D barcodes systematically represent data using two-dimensional symbols and shapes. They are similar to a linear 1D barcode but can represent more data per unit area.

QR codes are most often used in tracking and marketing initiatives, such as advertisements, magazines, and business cards. They are flexible in size, offer high fault tolerance, and have fast readability, though they can’t be read with a laser scanner. 

6. Weight

This attribute lets the consumer know how much the product weighs.

It is up to you to decide which unit to use for your products: kilograms (kg) or pounds (lbs), depending on the type of products you’re selling.

It’s a good idea to have both units listed for each product, but to avoid the hassle, you can just pick one and stay consistent with it throughout your website. 

7. Category

Categories allow you to organize your products. These categories can be based on your product’s functionality, demographics, customer needs, or preferences. When thinking about products, the largest thing is usually a category while the smallest is an individual item.

Categories make it easier for your customers to navigate across your website and find what they’re looking for. 

product categories ecommerce
Source: ASOS

8. Brand

This attribute allows you to identify your product line.

9. Product Type 

Under this, you can create a custom Product Type with attributes dedicated to your product.

Every time you choose this product type for any new products that you add, it will automatically update the attributes according to information provided by you for the product type. 

10. Variants 

When shopping online, you’ll see that the same product is available in different sizes, colors, materials, or price points.

These options are known as product variants.

For example, if you’re adding a clothing item, your two variants can be Size and Color.

However, if you’re adding a laptop, your two variants can be RAM and Screen Size. In most cases, you must also assign a unique SKU to each variant.

what are product variations on ecommerce stores
Source: Gymshark

Also read: What are Product Variants & How Can They Benefit You.

11. Custom Attributes

Custom Attributes allow you to add unique attributes to existing Product Types.

For example, one Type that you may have is a Mobile Phone. If you wish to add custom attributes to this product such as a Secondary Display for your Mobile Phone listing, you can do this through custom attributes.

12. SEO Fields

For each product that you upload, you’ll have to fill out SEO Fields to help it rank on Google.

These include the META Title, META Description, and the META Keyword. Let’s go over what each of these is and why they’re important.

I. META Titles

Also known as Title tags, these are the titles used by search engines and visitors to understand what any given page on your website is about.

This is the text you’ll see at the top of your browser. Title tags are supposed to be as concise and accurate as possible. META Titles are critical to giving users a quick insight into the content of their search result, and how it’s relevant to their query.

It’s often the primary piece of information used by visitors to decide which information to click on, hence, these must be of high quality. 

II. META Description

This is an HTML attribute that provides a concise description of your product next to its META Title.

It explains to search engines and searchers themselves what your page is about.

The META description is extremely important for the click-through rate. A compelling META description could entice visitors to click on your link to view your product and learn more about it.

III. META Keyword

META keywords are another type of META tag that appears in the HTML code of a web page.

These allow search engines to know the topic of your page.

The keywords that you use must always be relevant to the content of your page, otherwise, they won’t add any value to your content. 

12 Important Product Attributes List

As an eCommerce store owner it’s absolutely crucial to look out for these important Product attributes and optimize to improve your whole product experience for shoppers.

  1. Product Name
  2. Product Images
  3. SKUs
  4. Retail Price & Cost Price
  5. BARCODE:  (ISBN, UPC, GTIN, etc.)
  6. Weight
  7. Category
  8. Brand
  9. Product Type 
  10. Variants 
  11. Custom Attributes
  12. SEO Fields

Stand out from your competition 

Make sure to highlight all your product positives, include a custom attribute that makes your product stand out, and create a product description that immediately resonates with the customer.

They should think “Yes, this is something I need!”.

Having the right product descriptions and attributes in place can give you exactly the boost in sales conversions that you’ve been aiming for. You can always use PIM software like Apimio to achieve that with no hassle.

Written by Minal Kiani

Minal Kiani is a Content Marketing Specialist at Apimio Inc. She's an expert writer in Business and Product Information Management.

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