Effective inventory management is important for running a successful business. However, many businesses struggle with managing bad inventory and the high costs associated with it.

Excess stock, outdated products, and incorrect information can all have a negative impact on a company’s finances and overall operations. That’s where a Product Information Management (PIM) system can help.

In this blog, we’ll discuss the importance of managing bad inventory and reducing costs, what is PIM, and how PIM systems can help with these challenges.

What is Bad Inventory?

Bad inventory refers to a collection of stock, consisting of various products or items, within a business that has lost its productivity, relevance, market value, or appeal due to factors such as low demand, obsolescence, physical damage, or overall ineffectiveness.

What are the Types of Bad Inventory?

types of bad inventory

Here we have listed the main types related to it;

1. Excess inventory

This occurs when businesses hold more inventory than necessary to meet customer demand.

It can result from inaccurate demand forecasting or overestimating sales projections.

2. Obsolete inventory

This refers to outdated inventory due to changes in technology, design, or customer preferences.

Products that are no longer in demand or have been replaced by newer versions fall into this category.

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3. Damaged inventory

This type of inventory is physically impaired or unsellable due to mishandling, accidents, or environmental factors.

It could include items with manufacturing defects, expired products, or goods damaged during transportation or storage.

4. Deadstock

Deadstock is inventory that has remained unsold for an extended period and has little or no chance of being sold in the future.

It often occurs when businesses overestimate demand or fail to anticipate shifts in customer preferences.

What are the Causes of Bad Inventory?

causes of bad inventory

The following are the causes of bad inventory;

1. Inaccurate forecasting

When businesses incorrectly predict customer demand, they may have excess inventory or face shortages.

Inaccurate forecasting can be influenced by various factors, such as market fluctuations, changing customer preferences, or insufficient data analysis.

2. Poor inventory management

Inadequate tracking, lack of visibility, and inefficient processes contribute to bad inventory.

Without proper systems in place to monitor and manage inventory levels, businesses struggle to optimize stock levels and prevent the accumulation of excess or obsolete items.

3. Ineffective communication

Miscommunication between departments can lead to over-ordering, duplication, or delays in inventory management.

If sales and operations teams are not aligned in terms of demand forecasting and inventory needs, it can result in imbalances and inefficiencies.

4. Supplier issues

Delays in receiving inventory, quality problems, or sudden changes in supplier availability can disrupt inventory management.

Dependence on unreliable suppliers or inadequate supplier management processes can lead to inventory imbalances and shortages.

What is the Impact of Bad Inventory on Businesses?

inventory impact

1. Increased carrying costs

Holding excess inventory ties up capital and incurs expenses for storage, insurance, and depreciation.

This reduces the availability of funds for other business operations and investments.

2. Reduced profitability

Selling obsolete or damaged inventory at a discounted price or writing it off as a loss directly affects profitability.

It erodes profit margins and reduces the overall financial performance of the business.

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3. Wasted resources

Poor inventory management leads to the wastage of valuable resources, including time, labor, and physical space.

These resources could be better utilized for more productive activities within the business.

4. Customer dissatisfaction

Inaccurate or delayed order fulfillment resulting from bad inventory can lead to customer dissatisfaction.

Unsatisfied customers may take their business elsewhere, resulting in lost sales and potential damage to the brand’s reputation.

types of cost

Here we have listed the types of costs related to bad inventory;

1. Storage costs

Excess inventory requires additional warehouse space, which results in increased rent, utilities, and maintenance expenses.

2. Holding costs

Holding excess inventory for extended periods incurs costs related to inventory management, including handling, tracking, and labor costs.

3. Price erosion

Excess products may need to be sold at discounted prices to clear the stock, leading to reduced profit margins and potential brand devaluation.

4. Disposal costs

Proper disposal or recycling of obsolete or expired inventory may involve additional expenses, such as transportation, handling, or environmentally compliant disposal methods.

What is PIM?

PIM, also known as Product Information Management (PIM) system is a software solution designed to centralize, manage, and streamline product-related data and information within an organization.

How PIM helps with Bad Inventory Management?

inventory management with PIM

PIM systems contribute to improved management practices and better overall operational efficiency. Here’s how;

1. Centralizes product information

I. Consolidate

PIM systems enable businesses to consolidate product information from various sources into a single centralized repository, eliminating data silos and ensuring a unified view of inventory.

II. Data Enrichment

PIM systems provide tools for enriching product information with detailed product attributes, specifications, and marketing content, enabling businesses to present accurate and comprehensive information to customers.

III. Standardize

PIM systems enforce standardized data formats and structures, ensuring consistency in product information across channels and minimizing errors or discrepancies.

2. Streamlining inventory tracking and visibility

I. Real-time inventory updates

PIM systems integrate with inventory management systems, enabling real-time updates on stock levels, locations, and movements. This improves accuracy and eliminates manual data entry errors.

II. Automated alerts and notifications

PIM systems can generate automated alerts and notifications for low stock levels, potential stockouts, or slow-moving inventory, allowing businesses to take timely action to avoid inventory issues.

III. Cross-channel inventory visibility

PIM systems provide visibility into inventory across various sales channels, including brick-and-mortar stores, e-commerce platforms, and marketplaces, ensuring accurate inventory availability information for customers.

3. Enhancing accuracy and timeliness of inventory data

I. Data synchronization

PIM systems facilitate the seamless synchronization of data across multiple systems and channels, ensuring that all stakeholders have access to the most up-to-date and accurate information.

II. Automated data updates

PIM systems can automate data updates, ensuring that changes to product information, pricing, or stock levels are reflected across all channels in real time, reducing the risk of outdated or incorrect information.

III. Integration with suppliers

PIM systems can integrate with suppliers’ systems, enabling automated data exchanges for timely updates on stock availability, lead times, and order fulfillment, improving accuracy.

What are the benefits of Managing Bad Inventory with PIM?

Benefits of management with PIM

1. Improved data accuracy and consistency

PIM systems ensure that product information is accurate, up-to-date, and consistent across all sales channels, reducing errors, returns, and customer dissatisfaction.

2. Enhanced operational efficiency

By centralizing product information and automating data management processes, PIM systems streamline management, reduce manual efforts, and improve overall operational efficiency.

3. Better inventory tracking

PIM systems provide real-time visibility into inventory levels, locations, and movements, allowing businesses to make informed decisions, prevent stockouts, and optimize stock levels.

4. Faster time-to-market

With efficient data enrichment and collaboration capabilities, PIM systems enable businesses to quickly create and launch new products or updates, accelerating time-to-market and driving competitive advantage.

5. Increased customer satisfaction

The accurate and detailed product information provided by PIM systems improves the customer experience, helping customers make informed purchasing decisions and reducing the likelihood of returns or complaints.

How PIM helps in Reducing Costs?

PIM systems help reduce costs by:

  • Eliminating excess inventory and optimizing stock levels, saving on storage costs, and minimizing obsolescence risk.
  • Preventing stockouts and backorders, avoiding lost sales and costly rush shipments.
  • Improving operational efficiency through automation, reducing labor costs and manual errors.
  • Minimizing returns and customer complaints by providing accurate product information, saving on reverse logistics expenses.
  • Saving time and resources by streamlining workflows and data management processes.
  • Enhancing supplier relationships, improving order fulfillment, and negotiating better pricing.

Best Practices for Effective Inventory Management with PIM System

By following these best practices and effectively implementing and integrating a PIM system, businesses can optimize their management processes, enhance data accuracy, and achieve better overall control and visibility over their inventory.

practices for management

1. Regular data cleansing and maintenance

  • Regularly review and cleanse product data to remove duplicates, correct errors, and ensure data accuracy and consistency.
  • Continuously update and enrich product information to reflect changes in specifications, pricing, availability, and promotions.

2. Continuous monitoring and analysis of inventory metrics

  • Continuously track inventory levels, sales patterns, and customer demand to optimize stock levels and avoid stockouts or excess products.
  • Use metrics and analytics to identify slow-moving items, obsolete products, or potential opportunities for cost savings and revenue growth.

3. Collaboration and communication across departments

  • Encourage collaboration and communication between teams responsible for management, marketing, sales, and procurement to ensure alignment and timely decision-making.
  • Facilitate the sharing of inventory-related insights, data, and reports among departments to enable informed decision-making and proactive management strategies.


Managing bad inventory and reducing costs is important for business success. Implementing a Product Information Management (PIM) system, such as Apimio PIM, helps businesses centralize product information, streamline tracking, and enhance data accuracy. 

By leveraging Apimio PIM, businesses can optimize stock levels, prevent stockouts, improve operational efficiency, and reduce costs associated with bad inventory. 

Utilizing PIM systems empowers businesses to gain better control over their inventory, enhance customer satisfaction, and drive long-term profitability.

What to do next?

  • Read more about our Product Information-related Guides here.
  • To see the difference PIM can make to your e-commerce business, Start your journey.
  • If you have any additional questions or concerns, please don’t hesitate to contact our support.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is bad inventory? 

Bad inventory refers to unproductive, obsolete, damaged, or low-demand stock.

2. How does a PIM system help with inventory management? 

PIM systems centralize product information, streamline inventory tracking, and enhance the accuracy and timeliness of inventory data.

3. How does a PIM system reduce costs? 

It eliminates excess inventory, prevents stockouts, improves operational efficiency, minimizes returns, and enhances supplier relationships, resulting in cost savings.

4. What is the role of Apimio PIM in managing bad inventory? 

Apimio centralizes product information, streamlines tracking, and enhances data accuracy, helping businesses effectively manage bad inventory and reduce associated costs.

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